What are cookies?
Cookies are small text files that are created by websites you visit and stored on your computer.
They help websites remember important information about you. For example, if you’re on a website adding items to a shopping cart, and you leave the website, a cookie will store information about you, so that the next time you arrive at that site, your shopping cart will have the items you previously added to it
Usually a cookie can only be access by the website that created it.
What’s the concern about Cookies?
What are Smart Cookies?
Smart Cookies are a type of technology that allows a cookie to be shared between a website.
They were developed by PrivacyTrust https://privacytrust.com/ to help users set their own privacy preferences once, and then be used on other websites.
What is a secure cookie?
This means that only the server they were set on can access them, making them more secure than normal cookies and more resistant to XSS attacks.
There are the following main types of cookies:
Critical Cookies are required for a site to function. They perform a task or operation without which a site’s performance would be compromised.
Functional Cookies help a site work well, they enable additional features which can make the user experience better.
Analytical cookies are used to determine usage of a site, they may track an individual users, but only to the extent to allow a users journey through the site. They are not used for targeting adverts (Marketing Cookies)
Social Cookies are a new class of cookie.
They are set by Social Media platforms such as Facebook, LinkedIn and YouTube, when you view or use embedded media. An example would be a cookie set by YouTube to measure views of an embedded video.
These cookies can sometimes track your activities and so are closely related to advertising cookies. However, disabling them may result in you not being able to view the embedded content.
Marketing cookies are used to target advertising to a user (behavioural targeting). They are often served by third party companies, and track a user across websites.